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Prepare Your Car for an Evacuation
With hurricane season here, Shell Oil Products US and Motiva Enterprises LLC are encouraging consumers to prepare for potential evacuations and do their part to maximize fuel supply.
During a hurricane, temporary and sporadic supply interruptions may be unavoidable; however Shell and Motiva have put many systems in place from the offshore rigs to the retail stations to better maintain consistent supply of gasoline for consumers.
There are also steps that consumers can take during a Hurricane Watch to prepare their car, stretch their fuel and help maintain supply during a crisis.
Advice from Shell and Motiva
HURRICANE WATCH – Plan for an Evacuation by Preparing your Car
Regulated by the Emergency Alert System, a hurricane watch is issued for a specified coastal area in which a hurricane or a hurricane-related hazard is a possible threat within 36 hours.
An evacuation can be conducted in a well-organized manner by heeding the advice of local officials to leave early and taking proper precautions for your vehicle. Below are a few tips on how to best prepare your vehicle and stretch your fuel before an evacuation.
- Plan Escape Routes. Know the official evacuation route(s). Have a map handy, and tune into your local emergency broadcast radio station.
- Fill up your tank of gas early to help prevent sudden overloads on fuel supply in your area, and conserve the amount of gas used for the next 36 hours by reducing the amount of daily driving. Combine your errands into one outing to avoid multiple trips. Avoid traveling during rush hours if possible.
- Replace dirty or clogged air filters. Replacing a dirty or clogged air filter with a clean one can improve gasoline mileage by as much as 10 percent.
- Make sure your tires are at the correct pressure and not over or under inflated. Keeping tires at the correct pressure can improve your gasoline mileage by about three percent.
- Always use the recommended grade of oil in your engine. Following your manufacturer’s motor oil recommendation can improve gasoline mileage by 1 to 2 percent. Look for motor oil that says “Energy Conserving” on the API performance symbol to ensure it contains friction-reducing additives.
- If time allows, visit your regular mechanic for a check up of all key fluids like engine oil, power steering, brake and transmission fluids, windshield washer solvent and antifreeze/coolant. This will better ensure that long periods of travel don’t result in car failure.
HURRICANE WARNING – Leave Early and Stretch your Fuel
Also regulated by the Emergency Alert System, a hurricane warning is issued when a hurricane with sustained winds of 74 mph or higher is expected to make landfall in 24 hours or less.
If the hurricane reaches Category 2 status, most states will order a mandatory coastal evacuation. You should complete your storm preparations and leave when directed. Consider some simple tips when evacuating:
- Leave early. If an evacuation is issued for your area, leave as soon as possible. Driving during the cooler parts of the day will make the trip easier on your vehicle and its riders. Reducing the amount of air conditioning used can increase fuel efficiency by as much as two miles per gallon under certain speed and operating conditions.
- Fuel before you go. Fueling vehicles before setting out on the road can help eliminate unnecessary stops and reduce traffic at stations along the original evacuation routes, allowing oil and gas companies more efficient re-supply of impacted areas.
- Stretch your Fuel. Good driving habits can increase your fuel efficiency significantly.
-- Drive smoothly, avoiding heavy acceleration or braking. Speeding, rapid acceleration, and braking can lower your gasoline mileage by 5 percent at lower speeds and by 33 percent at higher highway speeds.
-- Use cruise control on major roads and in free-flowing traffic. Maintaining a constant speed can improve gasoline mileage. Gasoline mileage usually decreases when driving at speeds over 60 mph.
-- Avoid idling. When you idle, you get 0 miles per gallon although your car is still using fuel. It is better to turn your vehicle off in situations where you are idling for an extended amount of time.
Regardless of whether you are in a hurricane area or not, Americans need to be practicing fuel conservation in order to help protect fuel supply consistency. For other driving and safety tips, visit the Shell Fuel Stretch Web site.
To better prepare yourself and your home for a hurricane, visit Are you Ready?